Kate Raworth (Oxford UK)
Exploring Doughnut Economics
Kate Raworth is a researcher and lecturer focused on exploring the economic mindset needed to address the 21st century’s social and ecological challenges, and is the creator of the doughnut of planetary and social boundaries. She is currently writing a book, Doughnut Economics: seven ways to think like a 21st century economist, to be published by Random House. The Guardian has named her as “one of the top ten tweeters on economic transformation”.
Humanity’s 21st century challenge is to ensure that every person has the resources they need to meet their human rights, while collectively we live within the ecological means of this one planet. The ‘doughnut’ of planetary and social boundaries is a playfully serious approach to framing that challenge. The environmental ceiling consists of nine planetary boundaries, as set out by Rockstrom et al, beyond which lie unacceptable environmental degradation and potential tipping points in Earth systems. The social foundation consists of the eleven top social priorities identified by the world’s governments in the run-up to Rio+20 – and below this foundation of resource use lies unacceptable human deprivation such as hunger, ill-health and income poverty. Between social and planetary boundaries lies an environmentally safe and socially just space in which humanity can thrive.